Center for Excellence in Teaching and Learning

Disabilities Manual

Introduction | Specific Types of Disabilities | Documentation Requirements | How is Documentation Reviewed? | Requests for Further Review | Letter to Faculty Form | Typical Accommodation Requests | Confidentiality | Campus Resources | Other Local Disability Resource Coordinators | Disabilities and the Law | The University of Rochester’s Policy

Disabilities and the Law

Qualified students with disabilities may be entitled to reasonable educational accommodations. The legal basis for this was established by Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (PL 93-112), which states:

No otherwise qualified handicapped individual in the United States shall, solely by reason of his handicap, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.

The Americans with Disabilities Act, which reinforces and greatly extends the impact of previous legislation, was passed in 1990. The ADA makes it unlawful to discriminate against any qualified person with a disability in terms of employment, government services, public accommodations, transportation, and telecommunications.

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (P.L.101-476), was also established in 1990. IDEA helps to ensure that more students with disabilities are well prepared for college.

The detailed implications of these laws have been interpreted in some cases to provide for the following for students with documented disabilities: