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Watch: The optical illusion that makes it so hard to hit a curveball

Watch: The optical illusion that makes it so hard to hit a curveball

June 23, 2015

In baseball, the curveball is a monumentally difficult pitch to hit. It turns out there’s a very good scientific reason why. In a recent paper, a group of University of Rochester cognitive scientists conducted some tests to propose a new model of how the human brain uses motion to estimate the location of an object — and explain why it can sometimes be tricked.

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Family instability, stress tied to mental function for poor children

Family instability, stress tied to mental function for poor children

June 22, 2015

The research ties specific patterns of the hormone cortisol, released into the bloodstream in times of stress, with cognitive abilities for children in poverty. Insensitive parenting and family instability were the strongest predictors of children’s cortisol profiles.

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Family instability, stress tied to mental function for poor children

Family instability, stress tied to mental function for poor children

June 20, 2015

In a study of low-income children in the United States, those with more family instability and an emotionally unavailable mother early in life had higher levels of a stress hormone and more learning delays.

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Early stress impacts cognition in low-income kids

Early stress impacts cognition in low-income kids

June 19, 2015

New research has now identified how specific patterns of cortisol activity may relate to the cognitive abilities of children in poverty. The study also outlines how greater instability in family environments, including harsh and insensitive caregiving in the context of poverty, may predict these different types of cortisol activity in children.

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Scripted

Scripted

June 17, 2015

In her book, “The Poitier Effect: Racial Melodrama and Fantasies of Reconciliation,” Sharon Willis, a University of Rochester professor of Art and Art History/Visual and Cultural Studies, provides a comprehensive, deft analysis of respectability politics by using the films of Sidney Poitier — and their enduring effect on our depiction of racial reconciliation — as a case study.

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Life stress negatively affects poor children’s cognitive development

Life stress negatively affects poor children’s cognitive development

June 17, 2015

Low-income children exposed to unstable family environments or insensitive caregiving at age of 2 are at increased risk of cognitive delays by age 4, a new study shows. “We found that children’s cortisol levels remained relatively stable across the three years,” said Jennifer H. Suor, a doctoral student in clinical psychology at the University of Rochester, in a press release.

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UR president Seligman highlights milestones in letter

UR president Seligman highlights milestones in letter

June 17, 2015

University of Rochester President Joel Seligman showcased major expansions, faculty and student honors, and an increase in scholarship for incoming freshman in his end-of-year letter to the campus on Wednesday. The letter highlights the successes and milestones of the year for the university.

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US ‘export rules’ threaten research

US ‘export rules’ threaten research

June 16, 2015

At the University of Rochester in New York, astronomer Judith Pipher develops infrared detectors to observe the cosmos, which are regulated under ITAR because military night-vision goggles also use infrared sensors. Astronomical sensors detect radiation that is one million times less intense than that detected by the military, but neither the current nor the proposed rules take that into account.

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Critic says TSA lapses predictable: Front & Center

Critic says TSA lapses predictable: Front & Center

June 15, 2015

David Primo, who co-authored “The Plane Truth: Airline Crashes, the Media, and Transportation Policy,” says conceiving TSA in crisis without advanced planning enfeebled the agency.

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Mark Taubman takes the helm at URMC

Mark Taubman takes the helm at URMC

June 15, 2015

Mark Taubman M.D. is now formally CEO of the University of Rochester Medical Center and UR Medicine, officials said Friday. He was appointed in January as the first UR leader to serve as both URMC CEO and dean of the School of Medicine and Dentistry.

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