Tag: Brain and Cognitive Sciences
When we talk to a companion, psychologists tell us, we unconsciously mirror their posture, behavior, and speech patterns — monkey see, monkey do. New research from University of Rochester shows how certain social factors can modify this automatic behavior.
As social creatures, we tend to mimic each other’s posture, laughter, and other behaviors, including how we speak. Now a new study from brain and cognitive sciences researchers shows that people with similar views tend to more closely mirror, or align, each other’s speech patterns. In addition, people who are better at compromising align more closely.
A new experiment from the University of Rochester has found that monkeys, like humans, suffer from “hot hand” syndrome in gambling scenarios. The study, which was not conducted at a treetop casino where tuxedo’d monkey bartenders sling daiquiris, focused on three primates interacting with a computer program, which they controlled by shifting their eyes to the left or right.
An interdisciplinary team of neuroscientists and neurosurgeons from the University of Rochester has used a new imaging technique to show how the human brain heals itself in just a few weeks following surgical removal of a brain tumor. The team found that recovery of vision in patients with pituitary tumors is predicted by the integrity of myelin–the insulation that wraps around connections between neurons–in the optic nerves.
Remember when you told your kids that spending too much time playing video games would make them lazy?
Now there’s a perfect comeback: Playing video games can actually make you smarter.
Really. According to a study published this month in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, playing fast-paced action video games can make someone a better learner.
“Prior research by our group and others has shown that action gamers excel at many tasks. In this new study, we show they excel because they are better learners,” said Daphne Bavelier, a research professor in brain and cognitive sciences at the University of Rochester. “And they become better learners by playing the fast-paced action games.” Bavelier said our brains keep predicting what will come next – whether when listening to a conversation, driving, or even preforming surgery. “
Knill, who came to the University as an associate professor in 1999, was a leading scientist in the study of human perception. He also served as the associate director of the Center for Visual Science since 2001. Most of his work, which included over 60 research and review articles, focused on visual perception and how humans use vision to guide physical actions.
Dr. Wilke’s latest experiment sought to test whether the hot hand bias was even more universal.
“The strongest test to see if it’s evolutionary is to find it in another species,” said Dr. Hayden, who studies how monkeys make decisions.
So, he and Dr. Wilke developed a game for monkeys to play.
Richard Aslin, the William R. Kenan Professor of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and director of the Rochester Center for Brain Imaging at the University of Rochester, has been elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS). Membership in the academy is one of the highest honors given to a scientist or engineer in […]