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Tag: Department of Physics and Astronomy

A first for direct-drive fusion

A first for direct-drive fusion

September 6, 2016

Experiments have created the conditions capable of producing a fusion yield that’s five times higher than the current record laser-fusion energy yield. The new work represents an important advance in a long-standing national research initiative to develop fusion as an energy source.

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$2 million to add efficiency to integrated quantum photonics

$2 million to add efficiency to integrated quantum photonics

August 8, 2016

Rochester researchers working on the next generation of quantum information processing have received a $2 million boost from the National Science Foundation.

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Fusion for energy: significant progress, major challenges

Fusion for energy: significant progress, major challenges

July 7, 2016

In a review of the state of the research in this field, Rochester physicist Riccardo Betti concludes the goal of realizing abundant, clean energy from inertial confinement fusion remains elusive, despite recent significant progress.

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Making the case for life on other planets

Making the case for life on other planets

June 15, 2016

How can we calculate the likelihood of technological civilizations having existed on other planets? That’s a question Adam Frank, professor of astronomy, considers in an essay, “Yes, There Have Been Aliens,” published in the New York Times.

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What makes America (and civilization) great

What makes America (and civilization) great

June 7, 2016

Astronomy professor Adam Frank traces the “line from [Ellis] Chesbrough’s audacious plan to make Chicago a clean, functioning city 150 years ago and the invisible infrastructures hiding behind your cell phone” today. / NPR.org

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Researchers demonstrate record optical nonlinearity

Researchers demonstrate record optical nonlinearity

April 28, 2016

A team led by Robert Boyd has demonstrated that the transparent, electrical conductor indium tin oxide can result in up to 100 times greater nonlinearity than other known materials, a potential ‘game changer’ for photonics applications.

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Are we alone? Setting some limits to our uniqueness

Are we alone? Setting some limits to our uniqueness

April 27, 2016

Are humans unique and alone in the vast universe? This question– summed up in the famous Drake equation–has for a half-century been one of the most intractable and uncertain in science. But a new paper shows that the recent discoveries of exoplanets combined with a broader approach to the question makes it possible to assign a new empirically valid probability to whether any other advanced technological civilizations have ever existed.

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Can big data resolve the human condition?

Can big data resolve the human condition?

April 26, 2016

The Kavli HUMAN Project holds great promise for putting big data to the test. But as astronomy professor Adam Frank argue, “with great promise comes great responsibility.” / NPR

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