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Engineering, Technology, Data and Physical Science


Engineering is the application of scientific knowledge to the innovation, design, and implementation of new technologies and systems that address challenges and inquiries and make our lives safe and comfortable. Engineering professionals are creative problem solvers in a variety of industries.

For those exploring careers in engineering, the Career Cornerstone website is a great place to start. For news and features about various engineering industries, visit The Vault Career Guides (see below for access instructions) provide a comprehensive overview of jobs, employers, and trends in engineering.

Be aware that your specific major doesn’t necessarily determine your job title and function in your industry of choice. As an example, mechanical engineers work in many of the industries and job areas listed below—think broadly and explore!

Sample Industries and Resources

Audio and Music (Sound Production, Acoustics)

Biotechnology (Medical Devices, Pharmaceuticals)

Construction and Transportation (Infrastructure, Equipment)

Defense (Aerospace, Security, Military Equipment and Weaponry)

Electronics (Computer Hardware, Semiconductors)

Energy and Environment (Oil and Gas, Sustainability/Renewable Energy)

Manufacturing (Automotive, Aerospace, Chemicals, Consumer Products)

National Laboratories and Academic Research

Photonics (Fiber Optics, Imaging, Lasers)

Robotics (Automation, Mechatronics)

Telecommunications (Networks)

Sample Job Areas

  • Application engineering: Design, development, and implementation of programs and training for customers
  • Audio engineering: Technical aspects of sound during recording, mixing, and reproduction
  • Broadcast engineering: Use and maintenance of hardware systems used across television, radio, and new media
  • Clinical engineering: Design, maintenance, and repair of diagnostic equipment and medical devices in collaboration with medical professionals and scientists
  • Design: Use of technical tools such as computer-aided design to create or improve products and systems
  • Field engineering: Troubleshooting of technical problems in the field or at customer facilities
  • Manufacturing engineering: Design and implementation of methods to turn raw materials into products efficiently
  • Modeling and simulation: Use of simulation technologies to test performance, durability, safety, and functionality of engineering solutions
  • Process engineering: Development and/or modification of industrial processes, manufacturing plants, and equipment
  • Product engineering: Collaboration with research and development, marketing, and sales teams to introduce competitive products into the market
  • Project engineering: Planning of schedules and resources to complete complex engineering projects
  • Quality engineering: Measurement, testing, and assurance of product quality
  • Research and development: Innovation of new technologies, processes, and methods; development of experiments and prototypes
  • Validation and test engineering: Testing, measurement, and calibration of systems used to develop or manufacture products

Vault Access Instructions

The link to create a free Vault account and access the guides referenced above is located within Handshake in the Resources section.