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Engineering, Technology, Data and Physical Science

Physical Science

Physical science careers represent diverse disciplines, finding new approaches to solve problems and creating new knowledge.

How Can I Explore Careers in Physical Science?

Professionals in physical science fields can be experimentalists or theorists, or some combination of both. They are both “problem solvers” and “problem creators” in academia and industries from oil/gas to pharmaceuticals to federal laboratories. “Problem solvers” perform research to develop knowledge to specifically address a known issue (e.g., climate change, incurable cancer). “Problem creators” conduct fundamental research, asking questions that have never been asked before; they create knowledge for its own sake.

Exploratory Resources

  • What Can I Do With This Major?: scroll down to “Link Academics to Careers” and click on “What Can I Do With This Major?” link
  • Career Cornerstone: comprehensive site for STEM career exploration
  • O*NET: descriptions and data on hundreds of occupations
  • Vault Career Guides: the link to create a free Vault account is located within Handshake in the Resources section

Sample Disciplines

  • Astronomy
  • Chemistry
  • Environmental science
  • Geology
  • Meteorology
  • Oceanography
  • Physics

Sample Research Jobs (advanced degree usually required, but technician jobs are available at the bachelor level)

  • Industry research and development
  • Academic research
  • Government & nonprofit laboratory research

Sample Teaching Jobs

  • K-12 or college/university level

Sample Industry Roles (bachelor level opportunities):

  • Field scientist
  • Quality control
  • Lab technician

Where Do I Find Opportunities?

Beyond general search engines like and Handshake, check out some of the links below: