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Natural Sciences

Hajim School of Engineering and Applied Sciences Mark

What is the nature of the universe in which we exist? From subatomic particles to the farthest reaches of the universe, the composition of the earth to the components of individual cells, we seek to answer the universe’s—and life’s—big questions.

Overhead view of a highway at night.

Can the laws of physics untangle traffic jams, stock markets, and other complex systems?

Rochester professor Gourab Ghoshal and members of his lab are using the fundamental laws of physics to untangle the complex systems behind human behavior, urban planning, and social networks.

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Michele Rucci.

Microscopic eye movements affect how we see contrast

Contrast sensitivity results from the interaction of two processes: a sensory process-the response properties of neurons in the early visual system- and a motor process.

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Laser bursts

Laser bursts generate electricity faster than any other method

Ignacio Franco, assistant professor of chemistry and physics, clarified how ultrafast laser pulses can be used to distort the properties of matter and generate electrical currents.

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Alien apocalypse: can any civilization make it through climate change?

“If we’re not the universe’s first civilization,” Frank says, “that means there are likely to be rules for how the fate of a young civilization like our own progresses.”

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A pier on a beach

Tiny microenvironments hold clues to ocean nitrogen cycle

New research by Thomas Weber, an assistant professor of earth and environmental sciences, shows that nitrogen-feeding organisms exist all over the deep ocean.

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tubes of light

Untangling the quantum dot mystery

Quantum dot synthesis has occurred largely by trial and error. That may now change, thanks to Rochester chemists Todd Krauss and Leah Frenette.

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crossword puzzle

Protein Identified in Post-Chemo Cell Death Puzzle

University of Rochester, MIT, Harvard, and the University of Oslo, have identified a protein that is required for cell death after chemotherapy—it appears, in male mice.

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graphic illustration

Ancient ozone layers and climate change

Lee Murray developed a computer model that shows how the concentration of oxidants changes under different climate conditions and temperatures.

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Illustration of new bird species

New species of prehistoric bird discovered

A team of geologists led by John Tarduno has discovered a new species of bird in the Canadian Arctic.


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A new way to fight Influenza A

Douglas Turner and Luis Martinez-Sobrido, members of the Center for RNA Biology, collaborated with researchers in Poland to determine a new target for fighting the Influenza A virus.

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Ligland graphic

A faster path to catalysts

In collaboration with Pfizer and several Rochester chemists, Daniel Weix worked to develop a process for identifying new catalysts to help synthesize drugs more efficiently and cheaply.

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Carbons under a microscope

The importance of polar oceans

Thomas Weber is first author on a study that focuses on the role that polar oceans play in regulating atmospheric carbon.

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