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Tag: Arts and Sciences

Monkeys also believe in winning streaks, study shows

Monkeys also believe in winning streaks, study shows

June 27, 2014

Humans have a well-documented tendency to see winning and losing streaks in situations that, in fact, are random. Now in the first study in non-human primates of this systematic error in decision making, researchers find that monkeys also share our unfounded belief in lucky streaks.

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Celebrating 59 Days of Independence

Celebrating 59 Days of Independence

June 23, 2014

In their 59 Days of Independence project, artist and senior lecturer Heather Layton and Brian Bailey ‘09W (PhD) invite people around the world to celebrate the independence of countries other than their own. “By recognizing someone else’s independence, you’re showing that you care about his or her well-being in the same way you care about your own,” says Layton.

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When it comes to learning numbers, culture counts

When it comes to learning numbers, culture counts

June 20, 2014

The findings of a new study suggest that number learning is a fundamental process that follows a universal pathway. However, the timing of the process depends on a child’s environment.

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‘Vital signs’ of teaching captured by quick, reliable in-class evaluation

‘Vital signs’ of teaching captured by quick, reliable in-class evaluation

June 17, 2014

A 20-minute classroom assessment that is less subjective than traditional in-class evaluations by principals can reliably measure classroom instruction and predict student standardized test scores.

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Judges with daughters vote feminist

Judges with daughters vote feminist

June 16, 2014

The gavel leans feminist when a daughter is involved. A new study has found that judges with at least one daughter were found to vote in a feminist direction 16 percent more often than those with just sons.

The research says that not just law and ideology factor into decision-making—personal experiences do as well. “Things like having daughters can actually fundamentally change how people view the world, and this, in turn, affects how they decide cases,” said University of Rochester Prof. Maya Sen, who co-led the study.

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Another factor said to sway judges to rule for women’s rights: a daughter

Another factor said to sway judges to rule for women’s rights: a daughter

June 16, 2014

It turns out that judges with daughters are more likely to vote in favor of women’s rights than ones with only sons. The effect, a new study found, is most pronounced among male judges appointed by Republican presidents, like Chief Justice Rehnquist.

“Our basic finding is quite startling,” said Maya Sen, a political scientist at the University of Rochester who conducted the study along with Adam Glynn, a government professor at Harvard.

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Move over, Chaucer, these days poet John Gower is all the rage

Move over, Chaucer, these days poet John Gower is all the rage

June 13, 2014

During the 3rd International Congress of the John Gower Society, scholars will explore the life and work of Gower, a contemporary of Geoffrey Chaucer, and one of the major poets during the reign of Richard II.

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Protein anchors help keep embryonic development “just right”

Protein anchors help keep embryonic development “just right”

June 12, 2014

Findings on the cellular-level regulation of proteins called histones by lipid droplets, or “fat depots,” shines light on chromosome production – and possible manipulation of that process.

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Curt Smith critiques plans for the Obama library

Curt Smith critiques plans for the Obama library

June 11, 2014

As the June 16 deadline for bids for the library approaches, universities in Chicago, Honolulu, and New York City have expressed interest in housing the Barack Obama Presidential library. Curt Smith offers strong views about the three leading contenders vying for the project.

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