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Tag: research finding

Climate change for aliens

Climate change for aliens

September 7, 2017

For more than 50 years, the Kardashev scale has been the gold standard for classifying hypothetical “exo-civilizations” by their ability to harness energy. A team of researchers led by Rochester astrophysicist Adam Frank have devised a new system that takes into account the impacts of that energy use.

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Monkey sees. . . monkey knows?

Monkey sees. . . monkey knows?

September 6, 2017

Monkeys had higher confidence in their ability to remember an image when the visual contrast was high. These kinds of metacognitive illusions—false beliefs about how we learn or remember best—are shared by humans, leading brain and cognitive scientists to believe that metacognition could have an evolutionary basis.

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Icy air reveals human-made methane levels higher than previously believed

Icy air reveals human-made methane levels higher than previously believed

August 24, 2017

Professor Vasilii Petrenko and his team are studying the air trapped in ice cores that date back nearly 12,000 years, long before mankind’s use of fossil fuels, to separate man-made from naturally occurring methane sources.

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Freeform optical device packs more punch in a smaller package

Freeform optical device packs more punch in a smaller package

August 7, 2017

Spectrometers are used in a variety of applications, from environmental monitoring to astronomy to healthcare diagnostics. A new design using freeform optics upends more than a century of optical design.

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Cancer patients fare much worse after cardiac arrest

Cancer patients fare much worse after cardiac arrest

August 2, 2017

Patients with advanced cancer who suffer cardiac arrest in a hospital have a survival rate of less than 10 percent—half the rate of patients without cancer, according to a nationwide study led by the Medical Center.

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Eye test could help diagnose autism

Eye test could help diagnose autism

July 24, 2017

A test that measures the inability of the brain to adjust the size of eye movements could allow for earlier detection of autism spectrum disorders.

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Hidden herpes virus may play key role in MS, other brain disorders

Hidden herpes virus may play key role in MS, other brain disorders

July 10, 2017

A new study may help explain the differences in severity in symptoms that many people with multiple sclerosis experience.

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Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders lag in emotional understanding

Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders lag in emotional understanding

June 27, 2017

Even in children with an average IQ, researchers found that emotional understanding lags by two to five years behind typically developing peers.

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Significant racial disparities persist in hospital readmissions

Significant racial disparities persist in hospital readmissions

June 26, 2017

A new Medical Center study shows that black patients enrolled with Medicare Advantage are far more likely to be readmitted to the hospital after a surgery than those enrolled on traditional Medicare.

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Wasp venom holds clues on how genes get new jobs

Wasp venom holds clues on how genes get new jobs

June 22, 2017

University researchers studying the venom of parasitic wasps believe a relatively understudied mechanism for creating new gene functions may be widespread in other species as well.

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