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'In the Headlines' Archive

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Engineer Online (April 22, 2014)
New breakthrough in nanoscale circuitry
A University of Rochester researcher has controlled the charge through a circuit that is the width of a single molecule, an advance that brings nanoscale electronic circuitry a step closer.

"Until now, scientists have been unable to reliably direct a charge from one molecule to another," said Alexander Shestopalov, an assistant professor of chemical engineering at the University of Rochester. "But that's exactly what we need to do when working with electronic circuits that are one or two molecules thin." (Also Reported in: Science Daily, Azonano,, Nanotechnology Now)

Rochester City Newspaper (April 16, 2014)
Game rage
It's not the video game per se that's causing your rage; it's the fact that you stink at it, says a new study from the University of Rochester. Intense feelings of anger after gaming are not unusual, the study says, but the content of the games is not to blame. The hostile behavior some gamers experience is actually linked to a sense of failure, the study says. The finding is the work of Andrew Przbylski at Oxford University and Richard Ryan at the UR. Their research, which recently appeared in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, is the first to examine what gamers experience while playing. (Also Reported in: Businessweek, TechDirt)

Los Angeles Times (April 15, 2014)
Best Translated Book Awards finalists announced
Translating a book is arduous and notoriously low-paid work. It's a labor of love for most. With a few blockbuster exceptions (think Gabriel Garcia Marquez or Haruki Murakami) publishers don't make much, if any money from the translated titles they offer. That's one reason why just 3% of the books published in the U.S. are works of translation.

So the Best Translated Book Awards, organized by the University of Rochester, are especially sweet for the people who translate and publish such works. The 20 finalists include multiple works published by New Directions, the Brooklyn-based nonprofit publisher Archipelago Books, and Zephyr Press of Brookline, Mass.  (Also Reported in: ABC News, Washington Post, Newsday, Charlotte Observer, Exponent Telegram, Yorkton This Week, FOX 12 Oregon,

Washington Post (April 14, 2014)
To get better sleep, which foods should you seek and which should you avoid?
Other foods, most notably tart cherries, contain melatonin, which does affect sleep. Still, melatonin is not necessarily a sleep aid, says Wilfred Pigeon, a sleep researcher at the University of Rochester. Studies show it has a very minimal impact on insomnia, he says. On the other hand, melatonin is a wonderful circadian rhythm shifter.

So if you're a night owl whose body prefers to sleep from 2 a.m. to 9 a.m. but you have to wake up at 7 a.m. every day, melatonin may help you alter your sleep schedule. Pigeon and Grandner say that to get that effect, it would be best to take melatonin at dinnertime rather than at bedtime and that lower doses (1.5 to 3 milligrams) are better than higher ones. That allows the substance to work with your bodys internal clock, starting the long wind-down process thats tied to sundown.

Huffington Post (April 14, 2014)
10 Ways Gaming Can Help or Harm Your Brain | Tom Lowery
Are the effects of gaming harmful? According to experts, it depends. Let's look at 10 points -- five positive, five negative -- and see if we can make up our own minds based on some information... first, the positive ones:
Positive Gaming
2 - Decision Making, Fast Analytics and Alert, Nimble Thinking: Research by the University of Rochester suggests that the use of video games to train soldiers and surgeons is a viable option, largely because decisions are no less accurate when made by action-packed video game players. Daphne Bavelier, who led the research, stated that people make decisions based on constantly calculated and refined probabilities. It makes sense that our brains get one hell of a "work out" playing these games. Check out her TED Talk about your brain and video games. 3 - Move Quickly, But Accurately: According to that same study by the University of Rochester, action games go a long way to train our brains to make faster decisions without losing accuracy. Considering our fast-paced, give-it-to-me-now world, that's an obvious benefit.

Rochester Democrat & Chronicle (April 13, 2014)
Another Matisse shares his art
Alexander Matisse's exhibit "New Ceramics," on view at the Memorial Art Gallery through June 8, poses its own quiet rebellion. His great-grandfather, Henri Matisse, and his grandfather, art dealer Pierre Matisse, had a modern vision of art, while Alexander has embraced the traditional pottery forms of North Carolina, a state that has the highest concentration of potters in the country. Matisse, at age 29, looks hauntingly like his great-grandfather, Henri, when he was a young man. But Alexander is noticeably uncomfortable discussing his famous relatives, including his step-grandfather, Marcel Duchamp, changing the subject when questions are asked about them or their work.

Rochester Democrat & Chronicle (April 12, 2014)
Noodle lover blogs way into UR
Ramen noodles have helped millions of students get through college. But only one may be able to claim they helped get him into college. Admissions counselors at the University of Rochester granted a Chinese high school student a spot in the Class of 2018 in part because of his passion for the dish. "The counselors recommended that you be admitted in part after reading about your enthusiasm for Ramen noodles," read the university's admission letter to Xinghan Wang.

The letter was subsequently posted on Weibo, the popular micro-blogging and social networking website in China, and now Wang's experience is going viral. But the truth of his story seems to be as elusive online as the last stringy strand in a Styrofoam cup. Sensational headlines like, "Now that's using his noodle" and "Chinese Teen's Inspiring Essay on Instant Ramen Got Him Into the University of Rochester" are seemingly everywhere. One online Chinese media outlet in Wang's hometown of Fuzhou reported, "Loving ramen noodles can help you get into a top U.S. college. It is amazing!" In fact, said Jonathan Burdick, the university's dean of college admissions, Wang neither referenced noodles in his entrance essay nor were they the sole basis for his acceptance.

WXXI PBS News (April 11, 2014)
The Impact of Movies On Marriages & The Lonely World of Young Black Opera Singers
Could movies actually help save your marriage? Ronald Rogge, Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Rochester says "Yes!" We dig into a study he co-authored to learn more about the impact of Hollywood films on marriages. And Highland Hospital is celebrating its 125th anniversary. We look back at some of its greatest achievements.

Rochester Business Journal (April 10, 2014)
URMC research win $3M influenza grant
University of Rochester Medical Center researchers have won a $3 million grant to support influenza research. The award from the National Institutes of Healths National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases is going to support ongoing research by New York Influenza Center of Excellence, a 7-year-old flu research center led by URMC scientists John Treanor M.D. and David Topham. This award is an acknowledgement of the highly productive contributions our center has made to the overall understanding of how the immune response to flu is regulated, Treanor said. (Also Reported in: WXXI News, WHEC-TV)

Rochester Democrat & Chronicle (April 10, 2014)
Technology showcase links researchers, business
"A big part of what we need to do now is to make sure that handoff takes place in a much more efficient way," said Mark Bocko, director of the University of Rochester's Center for Emerging and Innovative Sciences, during the opening of Thursday's 14th annual University Technology Showcase at the Theater on the Ridge, 200 W. Ridge Road.

The event, which attracted about 250 people, including about 100 from the business community, brings together researchers and companies and individuals who can provide the financial resources needed to move their inventions forward.

"We're trying to get feedback on what they would like to see and what we're doing, and if it's of any use to them," said Mike Theisen, a doctoral student at UR's Institute of Optics who is on a team of researchers partly funded by IBM that is developing a faster measurement technique for use in the manufacture of microchips.

Inside Philanthropy (April 9, 2014)
Another Big Gift for Big Data
A New York State university's $100 million commitment to expand its work in data science - the emerging field that studies how we use the vast amounts of information currently being collected - just got a boost from a local grocery store chain's family foundation. It's the second multi-million-dollar grant to such an initiative in recent months.

The University of Rochester announced that the Wegman Family Charitable Foundation made two large donations totaling $17 million, including $10 million to benefit its Institute for Data Science and the remainder for its children's hospital. The university is in the middle of a $1.2 billion-dollar fundraising campaign, and both centers are flagship selling points.

Huffington Post (April 9, 2014)
Why Being Neurotic Could Actually Be A Good Thing
So what sets these "healthy neurotics" apart? Read on to find out. They harness the anxiety that is so fundamental in neuroticism, and use it in a positive way.

Nicholas A. Turiano Ph.D., a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Rochester Medical Center, explains that people who are neurotic tend to have more anxiety, emotional reactivity and a negative affect. Anxiety and emotional reactivity in particular are not only linked with increased stress hormones and blood pressure, but also with negative health behaviors, such as self-medication.

"But those neurotic individuals that also endorse high conscientiousness don't seem to resort to these behaviors," Turiano tells HuffPost. "We think the high conscientiousness gives the person the resources to refrain from engaging in such detrimental health behaviors and use that anxiety to improve health." For instance, a healthy neurotic will still experience worry, but will channel that worry into positive behaviors, such as going to the gym or eating healthier.

Huffington Post (April 8, 2014)
It's Not The Video Games That Are Making You Angry, You're Just Bad At Them
But according to a new study by researchers at the University of Rochester in New York, even a seemingly benign game like Tetris can leave players with feelings of post-game aggression. The findings were published online in the March edition of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

"People think just watching violent games and imagery is the basis for post-game aggression," said University of Rochester psychology professor Richard Ryan, Ph.D., in a phone interview with the Huffington Post. "But as we studied it, there are other dynamics: the competitiveness in games, the frustration you can have about [failing to] master it. Those are the things that seem to be most associated with post-game aggression." (Also Reported in: NBC, Irish Examiner, Men's Health, New Republic, Deseret News, Psych Central, Tech Spot, Gamenguide, The Daily Telegraph)

Psych Central (April 8, 2014)
Video Game Frustration, Not Content, Fosters Aggression
The disturbing imagery or violent themes of videos games like World of Warcraft or Grand Theft Auto are often accused of fostering feelings of aggression in players. But a new study shows hostile behavior is actually linked to gamers' experiences of failure and frustration during play - not to a game's violent content. The study is the first to look at the player's psychological experience with video games instead of focusing solely on its content. Researchers found that failure to master a game and its controls led to frustration and aggression, regardless of whether the game was violent or not. The findings of the study are found in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology . "Any player who has thrown down a remote control after losing an electronic game can relate to the intense feelings or anger failure can cause," said lead author Andrew Przybylski, Ph.D., who said such frustration is commonly known among gamers as "rage-quitting." That experience is not unique to gaming, said coauthor Richard Ryan, a motivational psychologist at the University of Rochester. (Also Reported in: CNET Australia, BioSpace, Hot Hardware, New Zealand Herald, Science World Report)

CBS News (April 7, 2014)
Great service shines in unlikely places
Here's one most people would never expect: extraordinary customer service at a hospital. It's the last place anyone wants to go (well, I suppose second-to-last). Having anything like a "great customer service experience" isn't usually the first thing on a patent's mind. But Strong Memorial Hospital at the University of Rochester, our largest local hospital, is changing that notion -- recognizing that there's a big difference between treating people and treating them well.

BBC (April 7, 2014)
Aggression from video games studied
Feelings of aggression after playing video games are more likely to be linked to gameplay mechanics rather than violent content, a study suggests. Researchers carried out a range of tests, including making a non-violent version of popular game Half-Life 2. Games modified to have counter-intuitive, frustrating controls - leading to feelings of incompetence - produced more aggressive reactions. The team called for more sophisticated research into violent gaming.

Co-author Prof Richard Ryan, from the University of Rochester, said: "The study is not saying that violent content doesn't affect gamers, but our research suggests that people are not drawn to playing violent games in order to feel aggressive. "Rather, the aggression stems from feeling not in control or incompetent while playing.  (Also Reported in: WXXI, WROC-TV, WHEC-TV, Science Daily, The Register)

New York Magazine (April 6, 2014)
The Color of His Presidency
And the truth is almost too brutal to be acknowledged. A few months ago, three University of Rochester political scientists - Avidit Acharya, Matthew Blackwell, and Maya Sen - published an astonishing study. They discovered that a strong link exists between the proportion of slaves residing in a southern county in 1860 and the racial conservatism (and voting habits) of its white residents today. The more slave-intensive a southern county was 150 years ago, the more conservative and Republican its contemporary white residents. The authors tested their findings against every plausible control factor - for instance, whether the results could be explained simply by population density - but the correlation held. Higher levels of slave ownership in 1860 made white Southerners more opposed to affirmative action, score higher on the anti-black-affect scale, and more hostile to Democrats.

Rochester Democrat & Chronicle (April 4, 2014)
UR asks student heroin users to get help
In the wake of the death of a University of Rochester student that has gripped the campus and underscored the dangers of heroin, the university's president on Friday implored students who may be using drugs to seek treatment.
Joel Seligman cited a recent university survey that found a small number of undergraduates have used heroin and urged them to "please get help." (Also Reported in: 13WHAM-TV, WHAM 1180, WHEC-TV, WROC-TV, WXXI, Time Warner Cable News, Gates Post)

WXXI PBS News (April 4, 2014)
Connections: The Conflict In Crimea
A discussion with several experts about the conflict in Ukraine & Putin's next moves. International experts talk about Putin's next moves following the annexation of Crimea, Randall Stone, University of Rochester professor, author of Satellites and Commissars and Henk Goemans, University of Rochester professor and author of Fighting for Survival: Leaders and International Conflict

Fox News (March 31, 2014)
Google Glass may help calm patients during surgery
People in the study were undergoing tests for serious problems, and it's standard for doctors to give such patients a strong sedative or relaxant, said study researcher Dr. David Waldman, professor and chair of the department of imaging sciences at the University of Rochester Medical Center in Rochester, N.Y.

Time Warner Cable News (March 29, 2014)
Business Students Get Career Advice from Industry Leaders
Students at the University of Rochester's Simon School of Business received some career changing advice Saturday. The students heard from industry leaders in a roundtable event hosted by the National Women's Hall of Fame.

"It was important for me to come here today and here from other women who are successful," said first year MBA student Jamila Aubian.

The goal of the workshop is to gain useful information from people who were once in the same position as the business students.

Rochester Democrat & Chronicle (March 28, 2014)
Columbia president brings passion for diversity to UR
Columbia University President Lee Bollinger left an audience at the University of Rochester annual Diversity Conference on Friday urging remembrance of the civil rights battles of the past but also with a plea for a renewed civil rights movement today.

"What we are talking about goes to the heart of the values and ideals of America. And unless we can reconnect those two things - our policies and deepest values - we are going to lose what everyone in this room views as one of the greatest achievements of America," said Bollinger to a crowd of about 300 people.  (Also Reported in: WXXI News)

USA Today (March 28, 2014)
Relationship in need of some passion? Try a double date
What could be better than being alone to spark passion in your romantic relationship? Consider a double date.

Earlier studies have shown that novelty and new experiences reinvigorate long-term romantic relationships and that sharing time with other couples increases positive mood. This new research, on 150 couples together for at least a year, adds the element of passion to the mix. The message is clear, says psychologist Harry Reis, who studies attachment and intimacy at the University of Rochester: "Make new friends."

KQED Public Radio - San Francisco (March 28, 2014)
The Difference Between Praise and Feedback
Some of the most prominent psychologists behind all of this talk about talking are Stanford University's Carol Dweck, author of the book Mindset, and Edward Deci and Richard Ryan at the University of Rochester, whose research the education author Alfie Kohn relies heavily on in his books including Unconditional Parenting. Both Dweck and Deci are theorists of human motivation, but they emphasize very different perspectives on praise.

"If you tell your kids, 'You're a good boy for taking out the trash,'" they may feel that if they don't take out the trash, they're not worthy of your love," says Deci. "You need to express that you love them and approve of them no matter what they do."

Rochester Business Journal (March 26, 2014)
Nominees chosen for technology woman of the year honor
Digital Rochester has announced nine nominees for this years Technology Woman of the Year Award, which aims to recognize the achievements of women in high technology careers. The criteria for the award is based on sustained contributions to the technology profession, contributions advancing the status and opportunities for women in technology and contributions to the community. The nominees are:

-Julie Bentley, associate professor, Institute of Optics, University of Rochester; and president, Bentley Optical Design;
-Myneco Ramirez, network team, technology administrator, University of Rochester Medical Center; and owner, Little Miss Babycakes LLC (Also Reported in: Rochester Democrat and Chronicle)

Rochester Democrat & Chronicle (March 25, 2014)
UR plans entrepreneur workshops
The University of Rochester's Center for Entrepreneurship has scheduled several upcoming events as part of the Mark Ain Business Model Workshop Series and Competition.

Los Angeles Times (March 24, 2014)
Freaking out about a minor medical procedure? Video glasses can help
You need a biopsy, or some other kind of minimally invasive treatment, and you are feeling anxious. Nothing is likely to go wrong, but you're still worried.

"Whether they were watching a children's movie or nature show, patients wearing video glasses were successful at tuning out their surroundings," said David L. Waldman, chairman of the department of imaging sciences at the University of Rochester Medical Center in Rochester, N.Y., and lead author of the study. "It's an effective distraction technique that helps focus the individual's attention away from the treatment."

The Chronicle of Higher Education (March 24, 2014)
Jewish Studies Is Too Jewish
By Aaron W. Hughes

In 1848, Leopold Zunz, a central figure among a generation of secular Jews who sought to study Judaism academically as opposed to religiously, approached the leaders of the University of Berlin with a proposal to create a chair in Jewish history and literature. After brief consideration, they returned with a negative, if disingenuous (they were in the habit of training Christian ministers), decision: The university should not be in the business of training rabbis.

Aaron W. Hughes is a professor of Jewish studies at the University of Rochester. He is the author, most recently, of The Study of Judaism: Authenticity, Identity, Scholarship (State University of New York Press, 2013). He is working on an intellectual biography of Jacob Neusner.

The New York Times (March 21, 2014)
Trip Upstate Takes Coach Back to Roots
In 1984, Mike Neer, then the coach at the University of Rochester, needed a full-time assistant, somebody to get out on the road and recruit, but the 23-year-old sitting in the interview had experience with neither. The interviewee, Jay Wright, had spent the previous year hawking season tickets for the Philadelphia Stars of the now-defunct United States Football League, looking at a lifetime in sales. His coach at Bucknell, Charlie Woollum, had given him a nice recommendation, but Neer still had his doubts.

Rochester Democrat & Chronicle (March 20, 2014)
Business crowdfunding increasingly crowded
For-profit ventures around the region currently trying to crowdfund themselves include a startup microbrewery, a clothing line using fabrics imported from Ghana, the conversion of the Cinema Theatre to digital projectors and a gaming technology platform for use in marketing and events. University of Rochester undergraduate Jieyuan Ding, who hopes to go to medical school, is selling shares of himself via Upstart, which allows investors to invest in individuals and collect a portion of their future earnings.

Mens Journal (March 19, 2014)
New Blood Test Could Predict Alzheimer's
A group of researchers have discovered a groundbreaking new way to detect Alzheimer's in healthy people who have no symptoms of the disease.

According to study lead author, Mark Mapstone of the University of Rochester Medical Center, the test is 90 percent accurate and may be available to the general public within two to five years. "There's a lot of work to be done before then," he says. "The next step is to figure out if the test is useful for younger people, toothose in their 60s, 50s, and even 40s." Eventually, Mapstone says, he and his colleagues believe the test will help scientists create new ways to treat the disease in younger people without symptoms.

Time Warner Cable News (March 19, 2014)
Peace Officers Sworn In At University of Rochester
Twenty-seven members of the University of Rochester Department of Public Safety have been sworn in as peace officers. They underwent 400 hours of specialized training on top of the 500 hours it takes to become a campus security officer.

With a campus that employs more than 22,000 people, which has 12,000 students and a hospital that serves thousands of patients and visitors, veteran officer Dana Perrin says the additional training is good for everyone. "We knew what needed to be done, we just couldn't do it quick enough," said Perrin, who is about to mark 30 years at the university. "It allows us to provide a different level of service to the university community, and get that service quicker to them." (Also Reported in: 13WHAM-TV)

Rochester City Newspaper (March 19, 2014)
The high-risk stakes in Crimea and Ukraine
By Robert L. Holmes

The U.S. should cool the rhetoric and promote negotiations that include all of the relevant parties, including the Crimeans (whose claim to self-determination we don't recognize) and the Ukrainians (whose new government the Russians don't recognize). We could then provide a model of world leadership the American people could be proud of and just perhaps avert disaster.

Robert L. Holmes is Emeritus Professor of Philosophy at the University of Rochester.

WHEC TV NBC 10 Rochester (March 18, 2014)
Unnecessary brain scans
One in eight doctor visits for migraine or headaches result in a brain scan, which is an expensive and usually unnecessary test. Several national guidelines have been created to discourage brain scans for patients complaining of headaches. A new study finds the rate of brain scans for headache has actually risen since these guidelines were released. Dr. Louis Papa, from UR Medicine, talked with Scott Kilbury about what is causing this trend. To see the video, press play on the video player.

Rochester Democrat & Chronicle (March 17, 2014)
Injury victims, lawmakers push for more spinal research funding
University of Rochester Medical Center CEO Bradford Berk was at the state Capitol on Monday, pushing Gov. Andrew Cuomo and New York lawmakers to put more funds toward researching severe spinal cord injuries. But Berk wasn't just lobbying as the head of a research hospital employing some of the state's top experts on spinal injuries and cell-based treatment options. He's a victim himself, confined to a wheelchair after a 2009 bicycle accident left him paralyzed.

Fox News (March 17, 2014)
Breastfeeding more than 2 years linked to infant tooth decay
"There are two aspects of breastfeeding - the actual human milk, which has some, but very little, ability to promote tooth decay," said William Bowen, professor emeritus in the Center for Oral Biology at the University of Rochester Medical Center in New York.

"The second is the physical aspect of breastfeeding, or even bottle-feeding, and that's where the problem arrives," he said.  (Also Reported in: England Daily Mail)

Bloomberg (March 17, 2014)
Univ. of Rochester's Cook Applauds GM Recall Response (Audio)
George Cook, professor at the University of Rochester, says General Motors Co.'s recall probe was a positive response and new Chief Executive Officer Mary Barra did the right thing. Cook talks with Bloomberg's Tom Keene and Michael McKee on Bloomberg Radio's "Bloomberg Surveillance."

Rochester Democrat & Chronicle (March 15, 2014)
'From the Top' coming to Eastman Theatre
Among the young local musicians featured on the program will be 16-year-old Pittsford cellist Annie Jacobs-Perkins, who will be performing "At the Fountain" by Karl Davydov, a contemporary of Tchaikovsky. Currently the principal cellist of the Rochester Youth Philharmonic Orchestra, Jacobs-Perkins also teaches tuition-free music lessons as part of RocMusic, an initiative put together by the Eastman School of Music and the Rochester School District, among others.

Another musician set to appear on the program is soprano Emily Helenbrook, a 19-year-old Eastman student who first performed on From the Top in 2012 at Chautauqua Institution and returns to sing "Mein Herr Marquis" - also known as "The Laughing Song" - from the operetta Die Fledermaus by Johann Strauss II.

Fort Worth Star-Telegram (March 15, 2014)
Booting rascals from Congress has broad appeal but doesn't happen
The anti-incumbent response has never been this high. In fact, until 2010, those saying they supported their incumbent member of Congress were about double what they are now. This bit of analysis will bring us back to the question of how can I be so sure there will be nothing really new about the results this year. Something called "Fenno's Paradox" remains as a definitive answer. Richard Fenno Jr., University of Rochester, launched a seven-year study that resulted in a 34-page analysis and conclusion published in The American Political Science Review in 1977. Fenno, a highly regarded political scientist known for his pioneering work on the Congress and its members, traveled for seven years with various members of the House of Representatives to, "observe and inquire into anything and everything the members do." His conclusions have stood the test of time: "So long as House members explain themselves but not the institution, they help sustain (wittingly or unwittingly) the gap between a 10 per cent approval level for Congress and a 90 per cent re-election record for themselves."

CIO Magazine (March 15, 2014)
e-commerce - The New Lords of E-Biz
Now that e-commerce is no longer an experiment, business executives understand that an integrated enterprise is critical to online success, says Edieal Pinker, assistant professor with the W.E. Simon Graduate School of Business Administration at the University of Rochester. "As the role of e-commerce in these firms has matured, you no longer need this special figure [of an e-commerce unit leader] trying to educate the organization about e-commerce and trying to promote it," says Pinker, who has studied e-commerce operations at 35 large companies.

Rochester Business Journal (March 14, 2014)
UR to get $1.1 million federal grant
The University of Rochester is getting a $1.1 million federal grant to research the prevention of HIV in minority communities, officials announced. The funding comes from the Center for Disease Control and Preventions National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention. It is the first round of funding for a five-year program for health departments.

Chicago Tribune (March 14, 2014)
Breastfeeding past two years linked to infant tooth decay
Breastfeeding is credited with a long list of benefits, but one downside of extended and intensive breastfeeding may be a higher risk of cavities in baby's first teeth, according to a new study.

"There are two aspects of breastfeeding - the actual human milk, which has some, but very little, ability to promote tooth decay," said William Bowen, professor emeritus in the Center for Oral Biology at the University of Rochester Medical Center in New York.

"The second is the physical aspect of breastfeeding, or even bottle-feeding, and that's where the problem arrives," he said. Bowen was not involved in the new study.  (Also Reported in: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Newsmax, GMA News)

WHEC TV-10 (March 13, 2014)
UR Medicine to receive major funding to help in fight against HIV/AIDS
More than 2,400 people in the Rochester area are living with HIV/AIDS. But a million dollar grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is headed to UR Medicine to help in the fight. (Also Reported in: WROC-TV, 13WHAM-TV)

CBS News (March 13, 2014)
Volunteers cuddle babies at hospitals to boost health
At the Golisano Children's Hospital in Rochester, N.Y., one cuddler is a young man born there prematurely long ago. He "just wants to come and give back," said Chris Tryon, a child life specialist at the hospital, part of the University of Rochester Medical Center.  (Also Reported in: New York Post, New York Daily News, Newsday, HuffPost Chicago, Houston Chronicle, Seattle Post Intelligencer )

USA Voice of America (March 13, 2014)
Blood Test Predicts Alzheimer's Disease
Neuropsychologist Mark Mapstone, of the University of Rochester in New York, participated in the research led by scientists at Georgetown University in Washington, DC.

Dr. Mapstone said the lipid levels, which were lower in people who developed the brain disorder, were highly predictive of Alzheimer's. (Also Reported in: Mashable)

Rochester City Newspaper (March 12, 2014)
When Christopher O'Riley sweeps into the Eastman Theatre on March 19 to host "From the Top Rochester," it will be three hours packed with students from the Eastman School of Music and the Rochester Philharmonic Youth Orchestra. Sir James Galway will be on hand to perform with an ensemble of musicians from the RPYO. Local performers will include 19-year-old ESM student Emily Helenbrook, a soprano making her second appearance, and 16-year-old Hochstein School student Annie Jacobs-Perkins, cello, making her debut. "From the Top" airs Sundays at 5 pm on WXXI 91.5 FM. The March 19 performance will be recorded for later broadcast.

Bloomberg Businessweek (March 12, 2014)
What Massive Online Courses Do Well, and Where They Falter
By Eric Fredericksen and Mark Zupan

Over the past year at the University of Rochester, we have taught this type of online course in partnership with Coursera. What we discovered suggests-at least for now-that these virtual courses complement, not replace, the traditional campus experience.

Eric Fredericksen is associate vice president for Online Learning and visiting assistant professor in Educational Leadership at the University of Rochester.

Mark Zupan is Dean of the Simon Business School at the University of Rochester. (March 12, 2014)
How Gary Vaynerchuk Scales The Unscalable
Gary's personal experiences are backed up by research. Harry Ries, a social psychologist at the University of Rochester, has been studying intimacy within relationships for over two decades. When doing a review of all the different studies in the field, he noticed an interesting pattern. Researchers were converging on the same conclusions on what caused intimacy, but they were using different terms. Reis combined the central ideas and coined an all-encompassing term that would describe a root cause of intimacy in relationships; perceived partner responsiveness.

Los Angeles Times (March 11, 2014)
The Best Translated Book Awards announces fiction longlist
The longlist includes authors of widely varied profiles, from little-known debut novelists to two Nobel Prize winners. There are 23 publishers on the list, from the world's largest, Random House, to Tam Tam Books, a small independent press based in Los Angeles.

Three Percent, now run out of the University of Rochester and in conjunction with the translation publishing house Open Letter Press, will post arguments for each of its longlisted finalists during the weeks leading up to the awards, which will be held April 15.  (Also Reported in: ABC News, NPR, New York Times, San Francisco Chronicle, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, Salon, Miami Herald, Atlanta Journal Constitution, Albany Times Union, WHEC-TV)

Washington Post (March 10, 2014)
Mindfulness: Is it a fad or a powerful life-changing coping skill? A look at the science.
With mindfulness, you train your mind to focus on the present and respond with reason before emotion. It's about taking a pause and guiding yourself to become "aware enough in the moment so that before you react, you're aware of how you're responding to a situation," says Ronald Epstein, a professor of family medicine at the University of Rochester Medical Center in New York. "That gives you the choice to blow up or not to blow up. You recognize and say, 'I'm about to lose my temper,' rather than losing your temper."

Rochester Democrat and Chronicle (March 9, 2014)
UR professor: Time to overhaul U.S. education system
Fixing public education is simple - just stop treating children like dunces. Instead, ask them what they want to learn, then help them learn it.

That's the idea behind Radical Equality in Education: Starting Over in U.S. Schooling, a new book by Joanne Larson, the Michael W. Scandling Professor of Education at the University of Rochester's Warner School of Education. She argues that the traditional one-way approach to education, in which teachers give and students receive (or don't), needs to be scrapped in favor of a more collaborative method.

CNN International (March 9, 2014)
Blood test predicts Alzheimer's disease
Overall, the blood test predicted who would get Alzheimer's or mild cognitive impairment with over 90% accuracy.

"We were surprised," said Mark Mapstone, a neuropsychologist at the University of Rochester Medical Center and lead author of the study. "But it turns out that it appears we were looking in the right place."  (Also Reported in: U.S. News & World Report,, Chicago Tribune, Los Angeles Times, Globe and Mail, New Scientist, Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, Time Warner Cable News, 13WHAM-TV, WXXI)

Yahoo! News (March 7, 2014)
Guts of Galapagos Volcano Revealed in 3D Images
New 3D images reveal the underbelly and plumbing system of the most active volcano in the Galapagos Islands for the first time, according to a new report.

A team of researchers based at the University of Rochester buried 15 seismometers - tools used to measure the velocity and direction of waves generated by earthquakes - beneath the Sierra Negra volcano, the largest and most active volcano in the Galapagos Islands, located roughly 575 miles (925 kilometers) off the coast of Ecuador. (Also Reported in: Science Codex, Mashable)

The New York Times (March 7, 2014)
Dreaming in Code
By Adam Frank

In his previous book, "Physics of the Future," Kaku took readers on a whirlwind tour of science fictions he believes are poised to become science realities: space travel and nanotech medical robots. In "The Future of the Mind," Kaku ushers us to even stranger territory - the science of consciousness. Kaku claims the mysteries of the mind will soon be mysteries no more. It's an audacious assertion backed up, he says, by a flood of new neuroscience technologies.

Adam Frank is an astrophysics professor at the University of Rochester and the author of "About Time: Cosmology and Culture at the Twilight of the Big Bang." (March 6, 2014)
Guts of Galapagos Volcano Revealed in 3D Images
New 3D images reveal the underbelly and plumbing system of the most active volcano in the Galapagos Islands for the first time, according to a new report. A team of researchers based at the University of Rochester buried 15 seismometers - tools used to measure the velocity and direction of waves generated by earthquakes - beneath the Sierra Negra volcano, the largest and most active volcano in the Galapagos Islands, located roughly 575 miles (925 kilometers) off the coast of Ecuador. Seismic waves travel at different speeds depending on the type of material they pass through, so the researchers were able to use the data to differentiate fresh magma from cold crust beneath the volcano and create 3D images showing the location of different lava sources feeding the volcano. The new images reveal the plumbing of the Sierra Negra volcano for the first time. (Also Reported in: Cambodian Times, Scientific Computing, Orbit)

Christian Science Monitor (March 6, 2014)
Bitcoin roiled by yet more bad news. Can it survive?
As hyperbolic headlines go, the upstart crypto-currency Bitcoin is having what could only be called a seriously bad week.

"I wouldn't write them off yet," says economist Mark Zupan, dean of Simon Business School at the University of Rochester in New York. "It's akin to the Navy, which has what it calls a 'dead sailor rule,' which basically means you have to have something bad happen to learn what needs to be fixed."

Noting that the two exchange failures (the first being MtGox) were the result of theft by hackers, Professor Zupan says exchanges that deal in Bitcoin are going to have to match fire with fire. "It's like the old spy versus spy game; you have to match their game and improve security."

Rochester Democrat & Chronicle (March 5, 2014)
UR helps spread the word through dance, music
The University of Rochester used music and dance to encourage acceptance of individuals who are intellectually or developmentally challenged through the national "Spread the Word to End the Word" campaign Wednesday.

During events at the Medical School and River Campus, students asked people to take a pledge to stop using the word "retard" or "retarded." (Also Reported in: Time Warner Cable News, WXXI)

Huffington Post (March 5, 2014)
Saving Relationships, One Movie at a Time!
Before cabin fever sets in, and all the Valentine's Day effort you put in place to re-kindle the romance in your relationship fizzles, couples often need to find ways to keep the passion alive and the love boat sailing along. I came across an article that had a fantastic and easy to enjoy suggestion. With studies proving its effectiveness, I simply had to share.

The University of Rochester completed a number of studies that suggested couples should watch relationship/romance-based movies and discuss the issues, successes and concerns raised in a post-film debrief. Each couple was asked to watch a romance/relationship-based movie once a week over a couple months and asked to analyze and critique the movie's content based on a series of activities. Overall, the idea of discussing a fictionalized relationship from a movie and internalizing that to your own personal one could have positive effects and are unattainable in any other form. (March 5, 2014)
First-ever 3D image created of the structure beneath Sierra Negra volcano
The Galápagos Islands are home to some of the most active volcanoes in the world, with more than 50 eruptions in the last 200 years. Yet until recently, scientists knew far more about the history of finches, tortoises, and iguanas than of the volcanoes on which these unusual fauna had evolved. Now research out of the University of Rochester is providing a better picture of the subterranean plumbing system that feeds the Galápagos volcanoes, as well as a major difference with another Pacific Island chain—the Hawaiian Islands.

National Public Radio (March 4, 2014)
Should Kindergarteners Stop Finger Painting And Start Learning French?
Teachers and parents are wondering how early is too early to focus on academics in school. This week's parenting panel looks how the classroom is changing for young children.

Also with us, Lynn Gatto. She's the director of elementary education at the University of Rochester's Warner School of Education.

Rochester Democrat & Chronicle (March 3, 2014)
Rochester leaders lobby in Albany
The Rochester community presented a united front during a lobbying trip to Albany Monday. The eight-member contingent from the Rochester Community Coalition met with representatives of Gov. Andrew Cuomo, the local state Senate and state Assembly delegations, and the leaders of each house.

"It went well. We're very optimistic," said University of Rochester President, Joel Seligman, a member of the coalition and co-chair of the Finger Lakes Regional Economic Development Council.  (Also Reported in: WXXI, Rochester Democrat and Chronicle)

WXXI (March 3, 2014)
Connections: Science Roundtable
Every month we welcome a new panel of local researchers, doctors, and scientists to discuss a range of science-related issues. This month we welcome Dr. Wendi Heinzelman, Dr. Jody Manley, and Dr. Bob Beckman to discuss various topics including What's really in the water in West Virginia? and How could we donate part of our cell phones to science research?