A study by Medical Center neuroscientists shows that while drug users have very strong motivation to seek out “rewards,” they exhibit an impaired ability to adjust their behavior and are less fulfilled once they have achieved what they desire.
In a study at a clinic in the city of Rochester. researchers found that a team-based approach to the treatment of hypertension led to a 30 percent improvement in blood pressure control for the largely minority and low-income patients.
“There’s an explosion of insect genome sequencing right now,” said Jack Werren, a professor of biology and a member of the research team. “But the bed bug is particularly interesting because it’s a human parasite, a major pest, and has a unique biology.”
A team of Rochester scientists has, for the first time, identified a stem cell population capable of skull formation and craniofacial bone repair in mice—an important step toward using stem cells for bone reconstruction of the face and head.
Researchers at the School of Medicine and Dentistry have uncovered the cell in the ovary that governs the timing of ovulation. This finding could unlock clues to remedy infertility among people who have altered sleep schedules due to shift work or frequent jet lag, for example.
Neurology researchers have shown that the brain’s immune system is responsible for disrupting communication between nerve cells, even in parts of the brain that are not normally considered to be primary targets of the disease.
Part of Professor Timothy Dye’s work as director of biomedical informatics is to combine global health with big data to improve the lives of people around the world. “But there is also incredible risk that this same data will be misused in ways that disadvantage communities and nations,” says Dye.
As a biophysics graduate student at Rochester, Karl Smith has been finding lots of ways to share his love of storytelling in venues old and new, from the “10 Cent Stories” he pounds out on a typewriter at the Rochester Public Market to his Rocket Radio Theater troupe.
Comparing hip injury outcomes in New York state and in Sweden, Medical Center researchers found that patients do as well in the U.S. with short hospital stays as they do with longer hospital stays in Sweden, due to the difference in the countries’ health care systems.