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Less effective DNA repair process takes over as mice age, biologists find

Less effective DNA repair process takes over as mice age, biologists find

September 9, 2014

As we age, our DNA accumulates mutations and becomes rearranged, which may result in a variety of age-related illnesses, including cancers. Biologists Vera Gorbunova and Andei Seluanov have now discovered one reason for the increasing DNA damage: the primary repair process begins to fail with increasing age and is replaced by one that is less accurate.

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From Einstein’s Spook and Schrödinger’s Cat: Lecture by world-renowned physicist brings quantum mechanics to the masses

From Einstein’s Spook and Schrödinger’s Cat: Lecture by world-renowned physicist brings quantum mechanics to the masses

September 8, 2014

Anton Zeilinger, one of the world’s leading experts in the field of quantum optics, will present a free, public lecture Tuesday at the University of Rochester. The talk is designed to convey the exciting frontiers of quantum mechanics to a general audience.

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Targeting cells’ protein-making machinery may stop harmful bacteria

Targeting cells’ protein-making machinery may stop harmful bacteria

September 7, 2014

For the first time, the middle-steps in the process that creates the protein-making machinery of bacterial cells—called the ribosomes—has been isolated. A new study by biologist Gloria Culver suggests that blocking these pathways may help kill off drug-resistant bacteria.

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Researchers identify new rare neuromuscular disease

Researchers identify new rare neuromuscular disease

September 5, 2014

An international team of researchers– co-lead by researchers in the School of Medicine and Dentistry – has identified a new inherited neuromuscular disorder. The new disease was diagnosed in two families, one in the U.S. and the other in Great Britain.

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Researchers send electricity, light along same super-thin wire

Researchers send electricity, light along same super-thin wire

September 4, 2014

A new combination of materials can efficiently guide electricity and light along the same tiny wire, a finding that could be a step towards building computer chips capable of transporting digital information at the speed of light.

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“Face Time” for the heart diagnoses cardiac disease

“Face Time” for the heart diagnoses cardiac disease

August 29, 2014

Now, with the assistance of a web camera and software algorithms, the face can also reveal whether or not an individual is experiencing atrial fibrillation. The technology was developed in a partnership between the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry and Xerox.

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Doing more with less: New technique efficiently finds quantum wave functions

Doing more with less: New technique efficiently finds quantum wave functions

August 28, 2014

University researchers have introduced a new method, called compressive direct measurement, that allowed the team to reconstruct a quantum state at 90 percent fidelity using only a quarter of the measurements required by previous methods.

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Researchers receive $3.4 million to study experimental HIV drug combo

Researchers receive $3.4 million to study experimental HIV drug combo

August 28, 2014

Each of the experimental HIV drugs has been in development for several years, one at Rochester and the other at Nebraska. Earlier this year they were tested together, to determine whether one drug might interfere with the other. To the astonishment of the researchers, the opposite occurred: one drug boosted the effectiveness of the other.

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Duality principle is “safe and sound”: Researchers clear up apparent violation of quantum mechanics’ wave-particle duality

August 25, 2014

When scientists in Germany announced in 2012 an apparent violation of a fundamental law of quantum mechanics, The results were both “strange” and “incredible.” It took Robert Boyd and his colleagues nearly a year and a half to figure out what was going on.

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Alternate mechanism of species formation picks up support,  thanks to a South American ant

Alternate mechanism of species formation picks up support, thanks to a South American ant

August 21, 2014

A newly-discovered species of ant supports a controversial theory of species formation. “Most new species come about in geographic isolation,” said Christian Rabeling, assistant professor of biology at the University of Rochester. “We now have evidence that speciation can take place within a single colony.”

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