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Tag: pollution

Group ‘cleaves’ oxygen from surface of metal oxide, enhancing reactivity

Group ‘cleaves’ oxygen from surface of metal oxide, enhancing reactivity

August 1, 2018

A new method of opening solid state materials to oxygenation, using metallic oxide clusters, can eliminate guesswork from discovery of new catalysts. The ultimate goal is to more efficiently convert greenhouse gases to useful fuels.

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Toxic chemicals may weaken infants’ response to TB vaccine

Toxic chemicals may weaken infants’ response to TB vaccine

December 18, 2015

The study focused on two common toxins: PCBs, an industrial chemical; and DDT, used in pesticides. These so-called “persistent” pollutants are not easily broken down and remain a health threat years after being banned.

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Is chemical exposure linked to poor infant vaccine response?

Is chemical exposure linked to poor infant vaccine response?

December 9, 2015

Early life exposures to toxic chemicals such as PCBs and DDT dampen an infant’s response to the tuberculosis vaccine, according to a new study from the University’s Environmental Health Sciences Center.

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Exposure to chemicals lowers babies’ TB vaccine response

Exposure to chemicals lowers babies’ TB vaccine response

December 9, 2015

The two chemicals shown to lower the body’s response to the vaccine are present in nearly all people because of the long time they take to degrade in the environment.

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Lower air pollution, higher birth weight

Lower air pollution, higher birth weight

May 5, 2015

Exposure to high levels of pollution can have a significant impact on fetal growth and development. “The results of this study demonstrate a clear association between changes in air pollutant concentrations and birth weight,” said associate professor David Q. Rich, an epidemiologist with the University of Rochester Medical Center.

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Chinese babies born during pollution-light Olympics heavier

Chinese babies born during pollution-light Olympics heavier

April 29, 2015

Women in the Chinese capital in the final stage of pregnancy during the 2008 Beijing Olympics — when officials strictly controlled air pollution — gave birth to heavier babies than in years when the city was smoggier, a study said Wednesday.

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Benefits of breathing: Beijing’s Olympic babies born heavier, study finds

Benefits of breathing: Beijing’s Olympic babies born heavier, study finds

April 29, 2015

A study released in a scientific journal on Tuesday finds that women who were pregnant during the 2008 Beijing Olympics – when aggressive measures by the Chinese government over a seven-week period significantly reduced air pollution – gave birth to heavier and presumably healthier babies.

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Beijing Olympics study links pollution to lower birth weight

Beijing Olympics study links pollution to lower birth weight

April 28, 2015

Exposure to high levels of pollution can have a significant impact on fetal growth and development. Late pregnancy is a particularly important period of fetal growth, and the study suggests pollution may interfere with this period of development.

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Lake sturgeon making a comeback in the Genesee

Lake sturgeon making a comeback in the Genesee

July 18, 2014

Blood-sampling studies led by comparative medicine professor and chair Jeff Wyatt are showing promising signs for the fish, for the once-troubled embayment of the lower Genesee — and, potentially, for the local economy.

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