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Tag: child development

Q&A: Understanding Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Q&A: Understanding Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

September 8, 2016

Prenatal alcohol exposure is the largest preventable cause of developmental disabilities in the United States. Christie Petrenko discusses her research and clinical interventions with children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and their families.

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Can’t resist temptation? That may not be a bad thing

Can’t resist temptation? That may not be a bad thing

May 24, 2016

A new study finds that what might have been described as “maladapted” behavior or a lack of self control may actually be beneficial and thoughtful behavior for children who have been raised in resource-poor environments.

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Babies make predictions, too

Babies make predictions, too

August 12, 2015

In a new paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Richard Aslin of the University of Rochester and colleagues report on a new study of 6-month-old babies’ brain activity. (subscription)

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Study: Stress harms childrens brains

Study: Stress harms childrens brains

July 3, 2015

Toddlers growing up in unstable or unresponsive families are significantly more likely to have unhealthy levels of a stress hormone linked to poor cognitive ability, according to new research from the University of Rochester.

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Family instability, stress tied to mental function for poor children

Family instability, stress tied to mental function for poor children

June 20, 2015

In a study of low-income children in the United States, those with more family instability and an emotionally unavailable mother early in life had higher levels of a stress hormone and more learning delays.

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Early stress impacts cognition in low-income kids

Early stress impacts cognition in low-income kids

June 19, 2015

New research has now identified how specific patterns of cortisol activity may relate to the cognitive abilities of children in poverty. The study also outlines how greater instability in family environments, including harsh and insensitive caregiving in the context of poverty, may predict these different types of cortisol activity in children.

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Congenital herpes tied to lower developmental test scores in infants

Congenital herpes tied to lower developmental test scores in infants

November 4, 2014

A new Medical Center study showed that babies with congenital human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) scored several points lower than those without the infection. Scores for the infected babies were similar to those exposed to lead or cocaine in the womb.

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When it comes to learning numbers, culture counts

When it comes to learning numbers, culture counts

June 20, 2014

The findings of a new study suggest that number learning is a fundamental process that follows a universal pathway. However, the timing of the process depends on a child’s environment.

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