Tag: research finding
The researchers, who hailed from Duke, Ohio State, Dartmouth, the University of Rochester and Stanford, traced the presence of noble gases in the methane that emerged in peoples’ houses in fracking regions in Pennsylvania and Texas to distinguish between gas from natural seeps and drilling sites. Noble gases like helium, neon, and argon “stick” to natural gas and move with it, unchanged, as it passes through different layers of earth.
A new report examines the host of potential health-related issues that communities in areas of the country suitable for natural gas extraction may face and provides direction for future research.
Biologist Vera Gorbunova studies these creatures at the University of Rochester. She says naked mole rat societies, which can reach 300 individuals, are more like dictatorships than monarchies because anyone with the gumption can ascend the throne.
“I was nervous when I went to my first sleep conference,” says Dr. Maiken Nedergaard, the chatty and inquisitive co-director of the Center for Translational Neuromedicine at the University of Rochester. “I was not trained in sleep, and I came to it from the outside.” In fact, as a busy mother and career woman, she saw sleep the way most of us probably do: as a bother. “Every single night, I wanted to accomplish more and enjoy time with my family, and I was annoyed to have to go to bed.”
Biologists Vera Gorbunova and Andei Seluanov have discovered one reason for the the increase in DNA damage as we age: the primary repair process begins to fail and is replaced by one that is less accurate.
One challenge in killing off harmful bacteria is that many of them develop a resistance to antibiotics. Researchers at the University of Rochester are targeting the formation of the protein-making machinery in those cells as a possible alternate way to stop the bacteria.
For the first time, the middle-steps in the process that creates the protein-making machinery of bacterial cells—called the ribosomes—has been isolated. A new study by biologist Gloria Culver suggests that blocking these pathways may help kill off drug-resistant bacteria.
The huge multidimensional systems have complicated wave functions that the old method is not efficient enough to measure, Mohammad Mirhosseini, a graduate student at the University of Rochester and lead author on the paper describing the new technique, told Live Science. The new method makes it possible to calculate wave functions much faster and could help scientists further develop quantum technology.
An international team of researchers– co-lead by researchers in the School of Medicine and Dentistry – has identified a new inherited neuromuscular disorder. The new disease was diagnosed in two families, one in the U.S. and the other in Great Britain.
A new combination of materials can efficiently guide electricity and light along the same tiny wire, a finding that could be a step towards building computer chips capable of transporting digital information at the speed of light.