Tag: research finding

Fracking wells tainting drinking water in Texas and Pennsylvania, study finds

Fracking wells tainting drinking water in Texas and Pennsylvania, study finds

September 15, 2014

The researchers, who hailed from Duke, Ohio State, Dartmouth, the University of Rochester and Stanford, traced the presence of noble gases in the methane that emerged in peoples’ houses in fracking regions in Pennsylvania and Texas to distinguish between gas from natural seeps and drilling sites. Noble gases like helium, neon, and argon “stick” to natural gas and move with it, unchanged, as it passes through different layers of earth.

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Communities considering fracking face long list of questions

Communities considering fracking face long list of questions

September 15, 2014

A new report examines the host of potential health-related issues that communities in areas of the country suitable for natural gas extraction may face and provides direction for future research.

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Absurd Creature of the Week: The naked mole rat could one day save your life

Absurd Creature of the Week: The naked mole rat could one day save your life

September 12, 2014

Biologist Vera Gorbunova studies these creatures at the University of Rochester. She says naked mole rat societies, which can reach 300 individuals, are more like dictatorships than monarchies because anyone with the gumption can ascend the throne.

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The power of sleep

The power of sleep

September 11, 2014

“I was nervous when I went to my first sleep conference,” says Dr. Maiken Nedergaard, the chatty and inquisitive co-director of the Center for Translational Neuromedicine at the University of Rochester. “I was not trained in sleep, and I came to it from the outside.” In fact, as a busy mother and career woman, she saw sleep the way most of us probably do: as a bother. “Every single night, I wanted to accomplish more and enjoy time with my family, and I was annoyed to have to go to bed.”

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Less effective DNA repair process takes over as mice age, biologists find

Less effective DNA repair process takes over as mice age, biologists find

September 9, 2014

Biologists Vera Gorbunova and Andei Seluanov have discovered one reason for the the increase in DNA damage as we age: the primary repair process begins to fail and is replaced by one that is less accurate.

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Targeting protein-making machinery to stop harmful bacteria

Targeting protein-making machinery to stop harmful bacteria

September 7, 2014

One challenge in killing off harmful bacteria is that many of them develop a resistance to antibiotics. Researchers at the University of Rochester are targeting the formation of the protein-making machinery in those cells as a possible alternate way to stop the bacteria.

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Targeting cells’ protein-making machinery may stop harmful bacteria

Targeting cells’ protein-making machinery may stop harmful bacteria

September 7, 2014

For the first time, the middle-steps in the process that creates the protein-making machinery of bacterial cells—called the ribosomes—has been isolated. A new study by biologist Gloria Culver suggests that blocking these pathways may help kill off drug-resistant bacteria.

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New quantum particle calculations make waves in field

New quantum particle calculations make waves in field

September 5, 2014

The huge multidimensional systems have complicated wave functions that the old method is not efficient enough to measure, Mohammad Mirhosseini, a graduate student at the University of Rochester and lead author on the paper describing the new technique, told Live Science. The new method makes it possible to calculate wave functions much faster and could help scientists further develop quantum technology.

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Researchers identify new rare neuromuscular disease

Researchers identify new rare neuromuscular disease

September 5, 2014

An international team of researchers– co-lead by researchers in the School of Medicine and Dentistry – has identified a new inherited neuromuscular disorder. The new disease was diagnosed in two families, one in the U.S. and the other in Great Britain.

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Researchers send electricity, light along same super-thin wire

Researchers send electricity, light along same super-thin wire

September 4, 2014

A new combination of materials can efficiently guide electricity and light along the same tiny wire, a finding that could be a step towards building computer chips capable of transporting digital information at the speed of light.

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