Richard Ryan, from the University of Rochester, said: “In real life and academic studies, we tend to focus on the harm done to victims. This study shows that when people bend to pressure to exclude others, they also pay a deep personal cost.”
“I can’t tell the differences between a neuron from a bird or a mouse or a primate or a human,” says Steve Goldman, a neuroscientist at the University of Rochester who has studied brain cells for decades. But Goldman says glial cells are easy to tell apart. “They have more fibers and they send those fibers out over greater distances.”
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Celeste Kidd, a doctoral candidate in brain and cognitive sciences at the University of Rochester and lead author of the new study, suspected there might be a common misconception about the classic marshmallow study – namely, that waiting is always the right choice. So Kidd and her colleagues ran a study in which they manipulated the reliability of their young participants’ environment.
A new study of college football players, however, suggests even in the absence of concussions, players may suffer long-term brain damage.
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The brain simply can’t ignore a stream of desultory new information, said Lauren Emberson, the postdoctoral associate at the University of Rochester, New York, who led the Cornell study when she was working there.