The United States Navy’s sea, air, and land teams—known as SEALS—are among the most elite members of the military service, with a training regimen the SEALS themselves sum up with the saying, “The only easy day was yesterday.”
Established by President John F. Kennedy in 1962 as a maritime force trained to handle any type of unconventional warfare, the SEALS have made headlines twice in the past several months. In May, a team of 25 SEALS broke into the compound of Osama Bin Laden and killed the leader of al Qaeda, who had been the United States’ most hunted terrorist since even before the September 11, 2001, attacks. In August, 22 SEALS were among the 38 American and Afghan service members killed when their helicopter was shot down en route to a battle against insurgents. In between those two events,
Rear Admiral Sean Pybus ’79, a career SEAL who studied economics while at the University on an NROTC scholarship, took charge of the Naval Special Warfare Command, where he now oversees the Navy SEALS as well as special warfare combatant-craft crewmen. He corresponded with us by email in July.
When did you decide on a military career?
As a high school senior, I applied to ROTC programs with the Army and Navy in hopes of getting a scholarship to pay for college. The Navy gave me a scholarship, so that was my early motivation for military service. I assumed I would do my obligatory time in the service after college and then join the civilian workforce. But the ever-challenging work, frequent travel, esprit de corps, and quality people within the SEAL community were strong draws. And it remains that way today.
When did you become a SEAL, and what can you tell us about the infamous training regimen?
As soon as I graduated from Rochester, I went to SEAL training, which is the famous Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL training course, known as BUD/S, with an attrition rate of between 65 to 75 percent. In 1979, almost all of our instructors were Vietnam veterans. The lessons and instruction they imparted to us many years ago still apply and inform how we operate today, and I’m thankful for that. In my years as a SEAL since BUD/S, I have never been more cold, wet, and miserable as when going through BUD/S in 1979. Doing military special operations in, under, or from the sea is our forte, so most of our selection and training is water-oriented. A BUD/S student spends much of his time wet, sandy, and cold. Going to college in Rochester, however, prepared me well to deal with the cold and wet! By Christmas 1979, I graduated BUD/S training and was on my way to my first SEAL assignment in Virginia.
Is SEAL training similar today?
The basic training regime today is remarkably similar to years past. BUD/S has been proven to produce SEALS with remarkable toughness, unconventional thought, and a never-quit attitude. We’re very careful about making adjustments to this program. With regard to advanced training that prepares SEALS for the specific work we do around the world today, it’s exponentially better resourced than in years past. Naval Special Warfare is the maritime component of U.S. Special Operations Command, and we draw a high level of training, equipment, and other resources from it to maintain a high level of capability and preparedness. We also dedicate time working with our sister special operations forces in the Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps. The real strength of special operations is our ability to work as a team. Most of the successes our nation has had within special operations result from a team effort across the services.
In what ways did your liberal arts education prepare you for a military career?
Personally, as a student and young man, Rochester’s tough academic regimen forced me to become more disciplined and goal-focused, traits that served me well in the military. The breadth of Rochester’s curriculum has also been an advantage, because naval officers well-versed in subjects from English to engineering have an advantage over specialists, in the long run. Most importantly, I think Rochester has always been committed to helping students learn how to think, not necessarily what to think. For planning and executing special operations in the military, knowing how to think is invaluable. As the commander of the Navy’s special warfare community, I want a diverse officer and enlisted corps, including men and women with a liberal arts background. We’re looking for people with high levels of mental, physical, and moral fitness. They’ll come from many different places, and I think that’s exactly what we need.